Astronomy So spectacularly, the start of the Chinese rocket from the perspective of space

A month ago, the world went round the news that China was the third country in history to launch a launching platform rocket. Now we can see the flight of the Long March 11 missile from the perspective of the Earth’s orbit.

The historic moment occurred on June 5. The rocket CZ-11 took off from a platform floating in the Yellow Sea, near the coast of the Shantung province. The Chinese Space Agency (CNSA) reported that the mission was successful, and seven satellites were deployed on Earth’s orbit. It was one of the most daunting missions in the history of the Chinese space industry.

The flight of the Chinese rocket was not only captured from the perspective of the sea, but also in the lens of a satellite camera called Jilin-1. At the time of registration of this event, the device was located at a height of about 550 kilometers above the Earth’s surface and moved at a speed of 8 km / s. Of course, CNSA planned the entire undertaking, because it was a historical event, but still the engineers deserve a big applause, because it was quite a complicated task.

The Jilin-1 satellite is one of nine devices operated in orbit by Changguang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd. On a daily basis, the devices perform optical observations of the surface of our planet for the needs of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Interestingly, the Long March 11 missile during this mission took the orbit of the 10th satellite of the Jilin constellation into orbit.

Representatives of the China Space Agency have announced that they intend to build special launch platforms for new missions. They also want to carry out more and more such starts in the near future, because they are not only economically viable, due to the closeness of the equator, but also more secure for residents. Many times it happened that the remains of rockets fell on densely populated areas and led to local ecological catastrophes.

Astronomy Finally, the mystery of the origin of one of the mysterious flashes of the FRB was solved

Could another cosmic puzzle be solved? We are definitely on the right track, although modern technology will not allow us to check some new tracks.

FRB, i.e. fast radio burst or extragalactic fast radio transient, i.e. short-lived, several-millisecond radio signals of extragalactic origin, is one of the greatest mysteries of the space age of human exploration. They reach us from all parts of the galaxy, and so far no one has been able to determine what mechanism is responsible for it and where it came from. Of course, according to advocates of the theory of alien civilizations, their technology is behind them, but scientists are more inclined towards the hypothesis that FRB is responsible for the stars located in our Galaxy.

The first FRB signal was discovered in 2007 during the analysis of archival observational data, and the characteristics of this 5-millisecond signal with a 30-janky intensity stream suggested that it came from outside of our galaxy. This is indicated by the analysis of radio waves, from which it appears that the signal had to pass through significant concentrations of electrons on the way to the Earth, that is, it must come from a large distance and a very strong source. Interestingly, although this first FRB was single, and we have so far managed to register a total of 85, some researchers believe that up to ten thousand can be created every day.

Now we learn that a group of scientists has finally managed to trace the path of one of the signals and with an extremely precise determination of its origin … from a galaxy away from us by billions of light years. Speech on FRB, symbol 180924, which has been able to register the Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder (ASKAP), originating from the Galaxy of the size of the Milky Way named by scientists DES J214425.25-405400.81, which is away from us by exactly 3.6 billion years light.

What’s even more fascinating, researchers have even pointed out a specific point in this galaxy, in its “suburbs”, 13,000 light-years distant from the center. It is also known that it is a huge galaxy that does not create new stars anymore, and astronomers are full of hope that now they can learn more about her environment and find tips on what really causes FRB. In short, we know more than before, but we will have to wait a long time for answers to some of the questions.

Travel The Central Communication Port will look futuristic. Here are the visualizations

This historic communication undertaking will change beyond recognition not only traveling around Poland, but also around Europe and around the world. The facility is to be ready in 8 years, so it’s time for the first visualizations.

Looking at this, we can not conclude that the Central Communication Port will be a futuristic facility that will be built with great impetus. This should not come as a surprise, because it will be the largest investment of this type in our country for many decades. The most important in Central Europe, a transfer port for 40 to 100 million people, traveling by air and trains, is expected to consume about 35 billion PLN.

Our visions for CPK have been presented so far by such well-known architects around the world as: Chapman Taylor, Foster + Partners, Grimshaw, Zaha Hadid Architects, Benoy and Pascall + Watson. Although they are all different, they have a common denominator in the form of a very bold concept that brings futurism to the metropolis of the future.

“We have invited significant architects to work with a huge baggage of knowledge, professional experience and creativity. It was a good idea. The clash of bold concepts with the investor’s expectations turned out to be deeply inspiring, sometimes opening our eyes to atypical solutions that we had not previously considered. We have begun the next stage of the airport planning phase, “said Dariusz Sawicki, CPK board member responsible for the CPK airport part.


With the CPK in mind, the architects from this office came up with the concept of a “democratic hub”, trying in this way to refer to Polish tradition, in particular to systemic changes after 1989 and to the history of Solidarity. In their intention, the terminal is to be unscaled, rational in size and deprived of the gigantomania that characterizes some of the recently built transfer ports. The idea is to shorten the changeover time and reduce the distance to the passenger’s passage.

The idea assumes the use of six constituent factors: the use of a large amount of natural light, minimizing the length and “storeiness” of change, referring to local conditions and the “spirit of the place”, sustainable development, maximizing revenues from the commercial part of the airport and a good so-called connectivity.

A transparent construction is planned for the CPK terminal, referring to the typical Polish urban market. The airport offers numerous places to rest, which is to reduce the stress accompanying travel. Traveling through the terminal, passengers will be able to eat a tasty meal, shop in the shops, relax or work using the so-called. places of silence. There was also space for public events, performances, etc.

Zaha Hadid Architects

This UK-based company with a powerful architectural heritage has prepared three equivalent visions of CPK, which are based on a different approach to connecting the airport with the railways. All three projects combine good lighting of the airport space, which is possible thanks to the use of large-area transparent elements, as well as incorporation of lush vegetation inside the terminal, combined with a well-thought-out system serving to maintain it in Polish climatic conditions.

The first solution is the location of the railway junction directly at the airport, which would allow travelers, for example, to observe trains coming from higher levels. The second vision assumes that the passenger part of the station is located just above the platforms, combining other airport elements included in the master plan. The designers also proposed a third, more futuristic solution, in which trains drive directly to separate parts of terminals placed on platforms at different heights.

Filipp Innocenti from Zaha Hadid Architects presented various solutions regarding investment stages, railway airport service, integration of the railway junction with the airport part and passenger traffic between the plane, train and car.


“CPK will be built in an area larger than Manhattan. That is why Benoy presented a comprehensive initial proposal for the development of the airport together with the surrounding areas, i.e. the Aiport City area, “said Alan Thompson, director of the Benoy design office. Thompson described the project as “glocal”, meaning local and global at the same time.

The designer focuses on ecology and sustainable development. He proposes to build a “green” Airport City around the Port of Solidarity. The creation of such an area around the port will be possible due to hidden underground parts of roads and railway lines in the immediate vicinity of the airport. At the heart of the system there will be a transfer node covered with a glass roof, which will integrate various means of transport and towards which it will run communication routes.

Inside the terminal, the designer proposes as far as possible the blurring of the boundaries between the terminal zones (eg a smooth and unnoticeable transition between the catering and waiting area). Architects put emphasis on the maximum surface lighting and a large amount of greenery, so that the passenger could relax and forget about stress. This designer was the only one who proposed the construction of north-south runways, not east-west.


This is the most general of the presented concepts. Project director Nitesh Naidoo from Pascall + Watson presented solutions applied at airports in Europe and Asia (eg in London, Munich, Hong Kong and Abu Dhabi), suggesting which of them should be adapted to the needs of CPK. For the purposes of the presentation, he combined the idea of ​​”megahubu” (referring to the new airport in Istanbul) and “multi-hub”, indicating Changi in Singapore.

The assumption is that CPK is to be a hub that thanks to convenient airport transfers, the developed railway network and expressways in the vicinity of the airport is an integral part of European transport. Designers from Pascall + Watson stressed that to make it happen, passengers should be provided with stress-free travel and convenient transfers.

Interestingly, the presented projects do not concern only the CPK itself. Architects also thought about the surroundings of the object. Finally, there will be residential estates, hotels, shops, parking lots, and in the future the area will turn into a city where tens of thousands of people will live. Concepts must therefore be breathtaking. In the end, it will be a showcase of modern Poland not only for the inhabitants of Europe, but also for the whole world.

From the statement of the CPK executive authorities, we learn that the final projects will be selected next year and then the construction will start, which is to end before 2027.

Cloud computing an opportunity for the banking sector

Analysts predict that in 2019, banks around the world will invest over $ 20 billion in cloud solutions. The implementation of cloud-based IT systems allows the financial sector to find a solution to many problems, such as rising IT costs or threats in the area of ​​cyber security.

Analysts predict that in 2019, banks around the world will invest over $ 20 billion in cloud solutions. The implementation of cloud-based IT systems allows the financial sector to find a solution to many problems, such as rising IT costs or threats in the area of ​​cyber security.

Polish banks also see this opportunity and are interested in cloud computing. Last year, the Association of Polish Banks carried out the “Theseus” experiment, which was to check the adequacy of cloud solutions to the needs of the financial sector. The study clearly proved that such a procedure is not only possible, but also financially and safely. The Polish Financial Supervision Authority is also beginning to look more favorably towards the cloud.

According to the NBP, in 2019 the amount of money in the cashless circulation will exceed the value of cash transactions. That is why 94 percent. bankers as the main threat indicates a burglary to the customer’s account. Building from scratch an infrastructure that provides a guarantee of nearly 100% security is associated with enormous financial outlays.

The cloud guarantees the highest level of security at a fraction of the cost of building infrastructure in the in-house model. Until now, no hacker has been able to break into a private cloud, i.e. one in which an entity using it is responsible for the infrastructure, and not an external provider like Amazon or Microsoft.

In the case of effective attacks on data contained in the cloud in 95 percent. Unbearable users are those who disregard security procedures such as caution in the event of phishing attacks, regular password changes or two-factor authentication.

Cloud service providers use AES 128 or 256 bit encryption, which in practice means that without access to the right key to decrypt data, reading them is impossible. In addition, unlike, for example, server collocation, data is stored in a dispersed space, so it is not known on which disk there is information potentially desired by criminals.

EU regulations play an important role in this sector. Currently, banks are obliged to comply with the EU Directive, Payment Services Directive II, which, among other things, obliges the banking sector to provide its data and API to trusted entities, including companies from the fintech sector.

This means an increase in competitive pressure from entities that can offer innovative financial services without having to bear the costs of security guarantees that lie with traditional banks. The cloud will allow banks to create a platform that will allow developers to create solutions based on the bank’s data at low cost, which will increase the profitability of its products.