This historic communication undertaking will change beyond recognition not only traveling around Poland, but also around Europe and around the world. The facility is to be ready in 8 years, so it’s time for the first visualizations.
Looking at this, we can not conclude that the Central Communication Port will be a futuristic facility that will be built with great impetus. This should not come as a surprise, because it will be the largest investment of this type in our country for many decades. The most important in Central Europe, a transfer port for 40 to 100 million people, traveling by air and trains, is expected to consume about 35 billion PLN.
Our visions for CPK have been presented so far by such well-known architects around the world as: Chapman Taylor, Foster + Partners, Grimshaw, Zaha Hadid Architects, Benoy and Pascall + Watson. Although they are all different, they have a common denominator in the form of a very bold concept that brings futurism to the metropolis of the future.
“We have invited significant architects to work with a huge baggage of knowledge, professional experience and creativity. It was a good idea. The clash of bold concepts with the investor’s expectations turned out to be deeply inspiring, sometimes opening our eyes to atypical solutions that we had not previously considered. We have begun the next stage of the airport planning phase, “said Dariusz Sawicki, CPK board member responsible for the CPK airport part.
With the CPK in mind, the architects from this office came up with the concept of a “democratic hub”, trying in this way to refer to Polish tradition, in particular to systemic changes after 1989 and to the history of Solidarity. In their intention, the terminal is to be unscaled, rational in size and deprived of the gigantomania that characterizes some of the recently built transfer ports. The idea is to shorten the changeover time and reduce the distance to the passenger’s passage.
The idea assumes the use of six constituent factors: the use of a large amount of natural light, minimizing the length and “storeiness” of change, referring to local conditions and the “spirit of the place”, sustainable development, maximizing revenues from the commercial part of the airport and a good so-called connectivity.
A transparent construction is planned for the CPK terminal, referring to the typical Polish urban market. The airport offers numerous places to rest, which is to reduce the stress accompanying travel. Traveling through the terminal, passengers will be able to eat a tasty meal, shop in the shops, relax or work using the so-called. places of silence. There was also space for public events, performances, etc.
Zaha Hadid Architects
This UK-based company with a powerful architectural heritage has prepared three equivalent visions of CPK, which are based on a different approach to connecting the airport with the railways. All three projects combine good lighting of the airport space, which is possible thanks to the use of large-area transparent elements, as well as incorporation of lush vegetation inside the terminal, combined with a well-thought-out system serving to maintain it in Polish climatic conditions.
The first solution is the location of the railway junction directly at the airport, which would allow travelers, for example, to observe trains coming from higher levels. The second vision assumes that the passenger part of the station is located just above the platforms, combining other airport elements included in the master plan. The designers also proposed a third, more futuristic solution, in which trains drive directly to separate parts of terminals placed on platforms at different heights.
Filipp Innocenti from Zaha Hadid Architects presented various solutions regarding investment stages, railway airport service, integration of the railway junction with the airport part and passenger traffic between the plane, train and car.
“CPK will be built in an area larger than Manhattan. That is why Benoy presented a comprehensive initial proposal for the development of the airport together with the surrounding areas, i.e. the Aiport City area, “said Alan Thompson, director of the Benoy design office. Thompson described the project as “glocal”, meaning local and global at the same time.
The designer focuses on ecology and sustainable development. He proposes to build a “green” Airport City around the Port of Solidarity. The creation of such an area around the port will be possible due to hidden underground parts of roads and railway lines in the immediate vicinity of the airport. At the heart of the system there will be a transfer node covered with a glass roof, which will integrate various means of transport and towards which it will run communication routes.
Inside the terminal, the designer proposes as far as possible the blurring of the boundaries between the terminal zones (eg a smooth and unnoticeable transition between the catering and waiting area). Architects put emphasis on the maximum surface lighting and a large amount of greenery, so that the passenger could relax and forget about stress. This designer was the only one who proposed the construction of north-south runways, not east-west.
This is the most general of the presented concepts. Project director Nitesh Naidoo from Pascall + Watson presented solutions applied at airports in Europe and Asia (eg in London, Munich, Hong Kong and Abu Dhabi), suggesting which of them should be adapted to the needs of CPK. For the purposes of the presentation, he combined the idea of ”megahubu” (referring to the new airport in Istanbul) and “multi-hub”, indicating Changi in Singapore.
The assumption is that CPK is to be a hub that thanks to convenient airport transfers, the developed railway network and expressways in the vicinity of the airport is an integral part of European transport. Designers from Pascall + Watson stressed that to make it happen, passengers should be provided with stress-free travel and convenient transfers.
Interestingly, the presented projects do not concern only the CPK itself. Architects also thought about the surroundings of the object. Finally, there will be residential estates, hotels, shops, parking lots, and in the future the area will turn into a city where tens of thousands of people will live. Concepts must therefore be breathtaking. In the end, it will be a showcase of modern Poland not only for the inhabitants of Europe, but also for the whole world.
From the statement of the CPK executive authorities, we learn that the final projects will be selected next year and then the construction will start, which is to end before 2027.